Study Material of Political science for BG 3rd semester: Download here

Study Material of Political science for BG 3rd semester: Download here

Study Material Of Political science



Q: -What is Comparative Politics?

A: -Comparative Politics is not concerned only with the formal institutions rather it is also concerned with the non-formal institutions and political activities such as elections, electoral behaviour, processions etc. and non-governmental factors such as as caste groups, tribes, language and religious organizations etc. and their impact on politics.

Q: -What is Comparative Government?

A: -Comparative Government includes the theoretical study of the subjects like the various forms of government, organs of government, their organization and function etc. But no attention is to paid towards the study of formal and informal factors which influence the working of the government. Neither the study of the political behaviour nor of political processes etc. is made the subject matter of comparative government.

Q: -Give any two Definitions of Comparative Politics?

A: -According to Edward Freeman, ―Comparative Politics is the comparative analysis of the various forms of governments and diverse political institutions.

According to Michael Curtis, ―Comparative Politics is concerned with significant regularities, similarities and differences in the working of Political institutions and In political behaviour.

Q: -Define the scope of Comparative Government &

Comparative Politics? (Short answer)


1.1 The nature, scope and methods of comparative political Analysis

1.2 Compareting Regimes: Authoritarian and Democratic

1. Comparative study of Political systems

2. Study of constitutional systems

3. Study of Political culture

4. Study of political Socialization

5. Study of political Ideologies

6. Study of political Participation

7. Study of political groups

8. Study of power, Influence and authority

9. Study of Political Elites, Political Violence and Political Corruption.

10. Study of Political Processes

11. Study of the balance of power between Competing States.

12. Study of Problems of modernization and urbanization

13. Study of the role of the Bureaucracy

14. Study of the political Activities

Q: -What are the problems & limitations of the study of

comparative politics?

1. Lack of common terminology

2. Problems of fact-finding

3.Wide range of variables.

4.Gap between Constitutional Forms and Political Realities

5. Problem of inter-connection between values behaviour.

6. Fickle nature of Man

8. Problem of defining of the boundaries

9. Universally acceptable results are not possible.

Q: -What is Comparative Method?

A: -Comparative Method is a method which is used to make the comparative study of different institutions. The comparative method has made possible the comparative study of various political system as a result of which the theory building has become  possible, prevalent political theories have been revalidated and the similarities and dissimilarities among the various systems have been clarified.

Q: -Give any one definition of Comparative Method?

A: -According to G.K. Roberts, ―Comparative method is a method of analysis used in political Science to describe, classify and explain data by making observation of the similarities and differences to be found in the various items under analysis.‖

Q:-Difference between Comparative Government and Comparative Politics ?

1.The subject of Comparative Government is older than the subject of Comparative Politics.

2. Difference regarding the nature of study.

3. Difference with regard to tool of study.

4. Difference with regard to relations to values.


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